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Table 3 Summary of some cellulose derivatives and its corresponding hydrogel processing methods

From: Functional cellulose-based hydrogels as extracellular matrices for tissue engineering

Cellulose/cellulose derivatives Nature of solvents Solvent systems Corresponding hydrogels preparation methods References
Cellulose form wood Polar solvents NMMO Solution polymerization at 85 °C [97]
Cellulose from cotton pulp Polar solvents LiCl/DMAc Solution polymerization at 75–90 °C [98]; [99]; [100]
Filter paper Ionic solvents [Amim]Cl Solution polymerization at 70 °C, 2 h ([101]; [102])
Tunicate cellulose Alkali aqueous systems Alkali/urea Polymerization at −12 to −10 °C, 5–10 min [103]
Cotton linter Alkali aqueous systems Alkali/thiourea Polymerization at −5 °C, 2–10 min [104]
Polar solvents H2O Solution polymerization, In situ polymerization [105]; [106]; [107]
Methyl cellulose (MC) Polar solvents DCM/DMSO Solution polymerization, In situ polymerization [106]; [108]; [109]
Hydroxyethyl cellulose (HEC) Polar solvents H2O Solution polymerization, cryogenic treatment [106]; [110]
Hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose (HEMP) Polar solvents H2O/ethanol Solution polymerization, inverse-phase suspension polymerization [106]; [111]
Cellulose acetate (CA) Polar solvents Acetone/H2O Chemical cross-linking [112]
  1. NMMO N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide, LiCl/DMAc Lithium chloride/dimethylacetamide, [Amim] Cl 1-allyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride, H2O water, DCM/DMSO Dichloromethane/dimethyl sulfoxide