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Table 4 Uses of plant cellulose (PC), microbial cellulose (MC) and bacterial cellulose (BC) composite hydrogels in tissue engineering

From: Functional cellulose-based hydrogels as extracellular matrices for tissue engineering

Sl. No. Hydrogel composite Applications References
1 Plant cellulose (PC) purified Tissue engineering and regenerative medicine [145]; Liu et al., 2014 [146]
2 Algal cellulose (AC) Bone tissue and cartilage engineering [147]
3 Bacterial cellulose (BC) purified Bone tissue engineering, cornea treatment, heart and vascular muscle regeneration [148]
4 Carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) Drug loading and controlled release of drugs, nucleus pulposus [149]; [148]
5 Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) Soft-tissue replacement wound management [149]
6 Gelatin Wound dressing, tissue regeneration [80]; [150], [151]
7 Starch Reinforcement agent for bionanocomposites [152]
8 Alginate, sodium alginate High strength hydrogel preparation [153]
9 Acrylic acid Burn wound healing [154]
10 Graphene oxide (GO) Biomedicine [155]
11 Vaccarin Cell growth carrier wound dressing [156]
12 Hyaluronic acid (HA) Wound dressing, tissue engineering [157]
13 Chondroitin sulfate (CS) Dental material scaffold Opera et al., 102
14 Calcium phosphate (CP) Bone substitute [158]
15 Ca2+ activated cellulose, cellulose/lactide Bone tissue engineering [148]
16 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (PHEMA) Contact lenses and optic component for biosensors [159]
17 Polyacrylamide Cartilage replacement [160] & [161]
18 Gellan gum High strength hydrogel for synthetic connective tissue [153]
19 L-carrageenan High strength hydrogel for synthetic connective tissue [153]
20 Hydroxyapatite Bone scaffold substitute, bone tissue engineering [162]; [163]; [164]; [165]; [166]
21 Nanohydroxyapatite Bone tissue engineering  
22 Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) Cardiovascular soft tissue replacement, artificial cornea biomaterials ([167]; [168]); [169]; ([170]; [171])
23 Polylacitide and glycidyl methacrylate Skin repair material [172]
24 Collagen Wound dressing for skin regeneration [173]; [148]
20 Silver Antimicrobial wound dressing [174]; [175]