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Table 2 Repeated operations of free and immobilized cells on penicillin G biodegradation

From: Biodegradation of penicillin G from industrial bacteria residue by immobilized cells of Paracoccus sp. KDSPL-02 through continuous expanded bed adsorption bioreactor

MatrixInitial penicillin G (g L−1)Degradation rate (%)Degradation time (h)No. of cycles
Immobilized1.0100424
1.5100524
2.0100620
2.5901020
3.0792018
Free1.01001210
1.51001510
2.095208
2.588246
3.080306