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Table 4 Distance between displaced landmarks in the gold standard model and the facial asymmetry warped models (all values in millimetres)

From: A 3D cephalometric protocol for the accurate quantification of the craniofacial symmetry and facial growth

Model
n#
Distance Cg-Cga IN-INa A-Aa lOr-lOra rOr-rOra
1 Initial 2.9375 0.8662 2.8403 0.9399 1.2577
Final 2.9486 0.8784 2.7976 1.0274 1.3432
Diff. 0.0112 0.0121 −0.0426 0.0875 0.0854
% 0.38 1.39 −1.50 9.31 6.79
2 Distance IN-INa A-Aa lOr-lOra rOr-rOra lEc-lEca
Initial 0.8348 2.8129 1.0060 3.0186 1.8111
Final 0.7532 2.6933 1.0340 2.9539 1.6050
Diff. −0.0816 −0.1196 0.0279 −0.0647 −0.2061
% −9.77 −4.25 2.77 −2.14 −11.38
3 Distance IN-INa A-Aa lGo-lGoa rGo-rGoa Me-Mea
Initial 1.0050 2.9302 6.9993 6.9993 7.0037
Final 1.0293 2.9564 7.2544 7.2550 7.0897
Diff. 0.0242 0.0262 0.2551 0.2557 0.0860
% 2.41 0.89 3.64 3.65 1.23
  1. aLandmarks in the theoretical/original model; rOr stands for right orbitale landmark and lOr for left orbitale landmark